Nyköping

1103, route 163. Brandholmen, Nyköping in 2010.
Two new, and very characteristic highrises at Brandholmen. These will doubtless become a symbol of the city before we know it.

Nyköping is a city of just 50.000, but just the same state capital of Södermanland, D state. Nyköping can trace its heritage to the 12:th century, and may have been incorporated as a town in 1260. As is often the case with cities of that age, there is not enough documentation to verify how it started. The smaller neighbour Oxelösund has 11.000 inhabitants, and is almost sorrounded by Nyköping, similar to the way the Vatican lies in Rome. Only a handful of communities in Sweden are smaller in landmass than Oxelösund. In my opinion there is no doubt that Oxelösund is as much a part of Nyköping, as a suburb.

Nyköpingsån
The river namesake downtown in Nyköping.

These days when a setting close to the water is increasingly popular, it is surprising how Nyköping distanciate itself from that very element. Until recently, hardly any roads or houses were built even within sight from the Baltic sea. It was rather a semicircular wide border of a no-mans-land skirting Stadsviken (the city bay ). But then again cold winds, humidity or just the scary unknown vast ocean, might have discouraged people to live by the water in old times. Now this undeveloped area is Nyköpings biggest blessing. An asset that is used to entice commuting Stockholmers to settle here. For those who could accept a 100 km one-way trip to work, that is.

Nyköping hospital
The hospital seen from Kråkberget in Isaksdal.

The central blocks of Nyköping, displays a suprising array of stores and restaurants. Unfortunately the buses mostly eschew the downtown area. You should let a few departures pass you by, and take a thorough walk around the central district. You will find it east of the bus terminal, and north from the fortification, or castle Nyköpingshus. The latter lies mostly in ruins, only partly rebuilt after a devastating fire in 1665. The rest of the city was scorched by the russians in 1719, but lived on as you will see.

Västra Storgatan, Nyköping 2010.
Västra Storgatan (Main street west).

Bus services

Several Nyköping city buses.
City buses 2108-166, 2112-165, 1103-166, SWO 322-165, convene for exchanging passengers by the bus terminal in 2003. Only the third from left remains.

I am sorry to say that the headways stinks in Nyköping. Lets start with 160, that actually runs every 40 minutes between a home for the elderly and the bus terminal, but it has to be booked by phone in advance. The bihourly 161 and 162 are to be considered scheduled handywan services, with an elaborate circumnavigating structure to their alignments. They operate four times a day on weekdays, and thrice on weekends. 164 goes once a day (if you call). 167 is also a call service (two hours in advance - not easy for the tourist).

Nyköping bus 1103, in 2003.
Scania Omnicity 1103-166, Isaksdal.

This leaves 163, 165 and 166 as the only viable routes for us transit tourists to use, or any visitors for that matter. All bus services also has the rare feature of a name of the line, displayed next to the route number. The three main lines, all derive their names from three brothers, that celebrated christmas at Nyköpingshus in 1317. Unfortunately it all ended with the killing of two of them, by the third.

SWO 322 in Nyköping.
Nondescript white buses were popular as touring temps in the late nineties. This specimen has had a motley history ever since.

Vehicles

The bus fleet is almost enterely made up of Scania Omnicity lowfloor vehicles, with just some occasional Maxci surviving. Buslink is the operator of the time being. This means that some retired buses have showed up in Stockholm, while the other way around is barely happening. The smaller the town - the newer the buses. No, there really is not much of a pattern. But the thing is that Stockholm is permitting buses of up to 16 years of age. Few other places would allow buses older than 10 years. Göteborg is even demanding a maximum average age of just 5. I guess Luleå and Skellefteå holds the opposite Swedish record, where the occasional bus of over 20 years, have been used in recent years. Nothing you can count on though.

163, Valdemar

Brandholmen townhouses
Brand new townhouses at Brandholmen, meant to appear traditional and old. The name Brand could refere to some engulfing fire in the area, that later got stuck in public lore.

This service is running every 80 minutes to the eastern portion, and even less to the west. I will still recommend a trip to Brandholmen, somewhat halfways to the east, as this is a reasonably heavy developed district. Further construction is undertaken in the area, and will hopefully lead to an increased headway, and boost the current dismal ridership.

Alas, by then, travelling patterns have probably been fixed, to the benefit of the car. Most people aren't enough worried by their own health, the health of the planet, the foreing exhange (cars and gas), labour market (bus drivers etc.), or simple sound pollution, to consider to step out of their car. Anyway, the setting by the sea is most agreeable, and those 80 minutes between buses will be more than enough to get to grips with the architecture. The rest of the time can be whiled away on a bench by the seafront. Also take a look at the depot, which the bus passes.

165, Erik

Nyköping 5408 in Bryngelstorp.
Neoplan 5408 at the terminus in Bryngelstorp. This bus came from Linköping, and was later obtained by Näckrosbuss (water lily bus), now Busslink. Out of service in 2003.

In the peakhours at weekdays, both routes 165 and 166 operates at a 20 minute frequency. That is perfectly alright, but these main lines only run every 40 minutes the rest of the time. As a curiousity the four ends of these through running lines all have the same departure times, very convenient to remember. The bus terminal is passed precisely 20 minutes later. Four buses are then standing alongside for a while, making a transfer easy. 165 is revealing much of the cities layout, but I think the northern section is the most scenic. It also passes the station, so it can be suitable to start with (or end), for those arriving by train.

Bus 1108 at a distance in Nyköping.
Bus 1108, route 165 at Eskilstunavägen just north of Oppeby. It is seen from another footbridge crossing Nyköpingsån.

166, Birger

Brandkärr tenements
Brandkärr tenements in northeastern Nyköping.
Scania Omnicity 1104-166, Arnö.

Once again the northern part is the most striking. Brandkärrs (burned tarn) gigantic curved highrises are really cool. Some smaller old mine holes are cut in the ground on the rocky hillside just south from the last stop. They are fenced, so a peek down won't hurt. A walk to the water tower from the next to the last stop can also be an idea. And don't miss the opportunity to get a picture of the bus with all the tenements as a very urban backdrop, before going south to Arnö. Arnö is the other end of the line, rather close to the water, but with a little hampered access. This will probably change, as more blocks of one family homes are creeping closer.

Nyköping 1100 in Brandkärr.
Scania Maxci 1100, route 166 by Ortvägen in Brandkärr 2002. The direction of this terminus has changed, so it faces the opposite way.

Tickets

Bus pole, Myrstigen in Bryngelstorp.

Pressbyrån kiosks, Coop and ICA stores sell tickets in advance. For a one-time visitor, you can get yourself some Enkelresa (single tickets), for SEK 23 each. A Shoppingkort containing 10 tickets, lets you travel three hours at one charge, though for a little bit more than for the single ticket. Precharged Rabattkort don't have a set number of trips, but is used for paying each journey. These are automatic within the city, when entering the pass into a green box next to the driver. Otherwise tell the driver where you are going, for a proper coding af the cards magnetic stripe. The latter card can be recharged, but this can only be done at Pressbyrån by the bus terminal. Even hundreds is the rule, from SEK 100 and upwards. The last ticket option is advisable when traveling around more within Södermanland state. A company, like a family can share the same card. Note that tickets purchased by busdrivers, can ONLY be payed with a credit card (no AMEX or Diners).

Excursions

Swebus 4709, line 715 in Oxelösund, 2001.
Route 715 by Thorsgatan in Oxelösund. This line is a good alternative to the city buses, as the headway is very fine. The vehicle is a Carrus Vega body, on top of a Volvo B10BLE. A good compromise between road performance and lowfloor technology.
Map of service 715 in Oxelösund.

The most obvious choise is Oxelösund. Bus 715 runs at least as often as the city buses in Nyköping, so there is no reason whatsoever to pass the opportunity to get a glimpse of this cosy little town. There is a surcharge compared to the fee for city buses, as 715 to Oxelösund is considered a countryside route. I should be mentioned that the bus is describing a circular route through the southern part of Oxelösund. The crescent shape west of the highway is the same, but the final lap is going either clockwise or counterclockwise. Before you know it, you are going back again, unless you alight somewhere in the downtown area. When leaving, in effect it doesn't matter on which side of the street you board.

Old watertower in Oxelösund New watertower in Oxelösund Belfry of saint Botvids church in Oxelösund

The steelworks (SSAB) is an inescapable feature of Oxelösund, and could be considered an eyesore, but gives well needed jobs just the same. Without it there would not have been much of a town here. But there is more to it, like the harbour, two stately watertowers, and lots of vast open spaces in the cityscape. The location by the Baltic makes it at least somewhat interesting for all water-lovers. The old town is easy to overlook, as it is made up of just a few houses by the waters edge. Take aim at the old watertower, and continue by foot some fifteen minutes from the downtown, after the coal deposit. The best contact with the baltic will otherwise be made at the peninsula Femöre, opposite the harbour, west from downtown.

Tree in Nävekvarn.
A bridge in Nävekvarn leads to a small island, Skäret (skerry), that has trees with old carvings from lovers and others.

Another village is Nävekvarn, by the baltic 20 km southwest of Nyköping. Bus service 561 is operating to this area. Some 1.000 people call this place their home. In spite of the small population, the village sustain a so called Folkpark (peoples park). Against all odds, some of the parks still survive to this day. Folkparken sprung from the workers movement, and had its heyday in the 1950:s and 60:s, before the age of television. The concept included rides, games, music performances, and dance. The mainstay for it all, was a proliferate dating activity. As people still do the latter, there should be a need for these places even today.

Swebus 2991, Scania CK 113 in Nyköping.
This rare Scania CK 113 was an offspring from the popular citybus CN 113, and meant to counter the dominance of Volvo in the segment of suburban and country lines. Unfortunately it didn't exactly fly of the metaphorical shelfs.

How to get to Nyköping

Nyköping station building.
Nyköping station in 2008.

By far the easiest way to get here for foreign tourists, is via their own international airport, Skavsta. This was an airforce base between 1941-1980, but the closure was turned from something negative to a boon, as a civilian airport later was opened. Skavsta lies only 15 minutes by bus from downtown (bus 515 and 715). Otherwise a train ride of an hour from Stockholm is an alternative. High speed trains from the south will require a change in Norrköping. For those coming from the west, a change in Södertälje (Syd) is necessary. E4 highway cuts almost right through the city. A spur of the motorway leads to Oxelösund.

Route map

There is a perfectly alright map of the city buses on the internet, but I will still include a specimen, for your clarity. The lesser frequentet routes are not included though.

Schematic map over Nyköping bus network.

Some more Nyköping pics

Swebus 991, by the bus terminal in Nyköping.
Swebus 991-715, with Danish Aabenraa body and Volvo chassis. The twoacle versions of Aabenraa were very common in Malmö during the 80:s, and also used by Mölndalsbussarna (a Göteborg suburb). Otherwise you didn't see much of them this far north.
Östra bergen, Nyköping.
Wooden tower in the eastern hills, Nyköping.
Nyköping 1109, route 165, by Svampvägen.
Line 165 in the eastern part of town, where greenery is almost outweighing the developed areas.
LT 628, route 760 by Nyköping bus terminal.
Scania Ajokki in 2002 - a very sturdy vehicle, now discontinued. The stronghold for Finish bodies have been in the northeast of Sweden. The exception was Wiima (both later merged as Carrus) around Göteborg. The reason for this was likely the passing of Hägglunds articulated bus blueprints to Wiima.
LT 2656, service 701. Nyköping bus terminal.
Small amounts of freight loaded on buses (branded Bussgods), is still occuring in some states.
Östra Rundgatan towards Forsgränd.
Östra Rundgatan by the river in Nyköping.
Tulips in Nyköping, 2001.
Tulips near the river stem.

Links

This collection offers some examples, from which you can obtain further information, when planning your trip. All links will open in the same browser window as Busspojken, and thus replace this.

Nyköping city

Södermanland state transit

Busslink - the operator of the city buses in Nyköping.

National railways

Swebus long distance buses

Skavsta airport

Södermanland tourist information (also in English and German).

STF hostels, Swedish tourist association

Sörmlands museum, also Engslish

Nyköping watertower.
Nyköping watertower a late night in June 2005.

© Busspojken 2010